At the end of the 20th century, it was decided to intervene comprehensively 200 hectares of industrial land in the Poblenou area. With the aim to preserve the productive character of an area that had been the epicenter of the industrial revolution in Catalonia.
The result of this is the 22@, one of the first districts of urban innovation in the world. The 22@ was conceived the following fundamental features:
Since the 20th century, Innovation Districts have proliferated throughout the world, unlocking other urban typologies of innovation based on large areas far from the central cities (Silicon Valley model).
In The rise of innovation districts, of Bruce Katz y Julie Wagner for the Brookings Institutions, the authors define these environments as
"geographical areas where leading-edge anchor institutions and companies cluster and connect with start-ups, business incubators and accelerators. They are also physically compact, transit-accessible, and technically-wired and offer mixed-use housing, office and retail"
Innovative Districts encompass physical, economic and relationship elements. If one of them is missing, the ecosystem dynamics do not occur: the competitive advantage of being where things happen.
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